Categories: Drugs

Side effects of Escitalopram

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Discover the Side effects of Escitalopram.

At SEH we are aware of how important it is to take care of mental health and we want to explain to you what one of the most widely used antidepressant drugs at the moment consists of. 

It is called Escitalopram and is especially effective in treating depression and various anxiety disorders. Do you want to know its therapeutic uses in-depth and know what the side effects of Escitalopram are? Here we tell you! Side effects of EscitalopramSide effects of Escitalopram

What is Escitalopram

Among the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, also known as antidepressant drugs, is escitalopram. It is a drug indicated for the treatment of depression, with major depressive symptoms, and anxiety disorders such as social anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or panic disorder (with or without agoraphobia). 

These types of drugs, called SSRIs, act on a part of the brain to increase its level of serotonin. We are talking about the serotonergic system, key in the development of depression and similar diseases.

Uses of Escitalopram

Escitalopram, as is the case with other similar inhibitors, is effective in treating symptoms associated with depression and anxiety. In any case, it should be noted that not all countries have approved its use in the same disorders. 

Be that as it may, these are the most frequent therapeutic uses of the drug:

Major depressive disorder. One of the additional uses of the drug is related to disorders linked to depression, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and bulimia nervosa. 

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Generalized anxiety disorder. In this case, its effects are fast and effective. Patients often show noticeable improvements after two months of treatment. 

Panic disorder. People who suffer from this disease suffer periods of anguish in which symptoms associated with the fear of dying, tachycardia, or breathing difficulties appear. 

Social phobia. It is related to social interaction and symptoms of avoidance and anxiety appear in this disorder. If the doctor deems it appropriate, it is possible to prescribe, in addition to antidepressants, anxiolytics such as benzodiazepines and beta-blockers. 

Obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is also used in the treatment of this disorder, also called OCD, which occurs when the person has obsessive thoughts that cause anxiety and changes in behavior. What escitalopram does is reduce the patient’s discomfort. 

What are the side effects of Escitalopram?

Escitalopram can cause some side effects, although not everyone gets them. The most important thing is to inform the doctor after its appearance. Either way, they are usually mild and go away within a few weeks. What you have to think about is that they are part of the treatment and that, in a short time, the patient will start to feel better. 

Next, we are going to list those side effects of Escitalopram in which a visit to the doctor is required: 

Uncommon Side Effects

•Unusual bleeding such as gastrointestinal. 

•Loss of hair

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•vaginal bleeding

•rapid heartbeat

•Nosebleed

•weight loss

•Visual disturbance or dilated pupils

•Ringing in the ears

•itching or hives

•Agitation, anxiety, nervousness, confusion, or grinding of teeth

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•Fainting and sleep disturbances

•taste disturbances

•Arm and leg swelling

Rare

•Swelling in the skin or different parts of the face

•breathing difficulties

•High fever, tremors, confusion, sudden muscle contractions, or tremors. 

•low heartbeat

•Hallucinations, aggression, and depersonalization

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•Situations associated with suicide 

If you experience the following side effects, you should contact your doctor or go to the hospital:

•Seizures or seizures

•Irregular or rapid heartbeat, or feeling faint

•Difficulty urinating

•Whitening of the eyes and yellowish skin as a result of liver disease or hepatitis. 

The following side effects have also been reported in patients:

Very common escitalopram side effects

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•nausea or dizziness 

Frequent

•Sinusitis or stuffy nose

•Reduced or increased appetite

•Weight gain

•Muscle and joint pain

•fever and fatigue

•Agitation, sleep disturbances, anxiety, dizziness, tremors, itchy skin, or yawning

•Increased sweating

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•Constipation, vomiting, diarrhea, or dry mouth 

•Sexual disturbances such as problems with erection, difficulty reaching orgasm, decreased sexual drive, and delayed ejaculation. 

unknown frequency

Some patients have indicated that at some point they have suffered from the following effects:

•painful erections

•Dizziness when standing up

•Alterations in liver function

•involuntary muscle movements

•Milk flow in non-pregnant women

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•manias

•Increased urine excreted

•Swelling of mucous membranes or skin 

•Heavy vaginal bleeding after childbirth

•Heart rhythm disturbance 

•Coagulation disorders (low levels of platelets or bleeding of the skin and mucous membranes)

•Dizziness, confusion, malaise, and muscle weakness are associated with decreased blood sodium levels. 

Escitalopram Contraindications

Escitalopram is not allowed to be taken in the following circumstances:

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•allergic to the drug

•Whether the patient is taking other medications to treat anxiety or depression

•If you have suffered from any alteration in the rhythm of the heart since birth or have had an episode of this type at any time

•If the patient is taking medications to treat cardiac disorders that may affect the rhythm of the heartbeat. 

•It is very important to consult your doctor before taking escitalopram and inform him in the following situations:

•If the patient suffers from epilepsy and seizures occur or the number of seizures increases, the treatment should be stopped.

•If you have kidney or liver failure, your doctor may adjust the dose.

•If the patient suffers from diabetes, treatment could alter glycemic control. 

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•In case of developing hemorrhages or bruises easily.

•If you are receiving electroconvulsive treatment. 

•If you have a decreased level of sodium in your blood.

•In case of pregnancy. 

•Patients who have suffered a heart attack or those who have or have had a heart problem. 

•Noticing that your heartbeat is fast or irregular, or experiencing dizziness or fainting while sitting or lying down. 

•If the heartbeats slowly at rest.

•If the patient has had severe vomiting or diarrhea for several days. 

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•In case you have used diuretics, i.e. drugs to urinate.

•If you enter a manic phase with excessive physical activity, disproportionate joy, or rapid change of ideas.

•In case of presenting difficulty standing or sitting or feeling restless.

•If you have had suicidal thoughts, the first contact with antidepressants can increase them until it begins to take effect. 

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